- The Burmese calendar consists of twelve 28-day lunar months, and begins with Thingyan in early or mid-April. Because of the disparity between the lunar calendar and the rotation of the earth around the sun, an extra month, known as "second Waso," is added every few years. The months are, in order: Tagu, Kasone, Nayone, Waso, Wagaung, Tawthalin, Thadingyut, Tazaungmone, Nadaw, Pyatho, Tabodwei, and Tabaung. The full moon is a time for pagoda festivals, such as the festival at the Shwe Dagon Pagoda during Tabaung (mid-February to mid-March). In addition, other festivals are held each month throughout the year, such as the Festival of Lights at the end of Lent, during Thadingyut (mid-September to mid-October). Burmese newspapers and official documents are usually dated using this calendar, though the Western date may also be included.Some of the ethnic minorities have their own calendars; for example, the Karen (Kayin) New Year falls in December.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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